Nelson Mandela, South African leader
July 18, 1918 - December 5, 2013
The struggle is my life. I will continue fighting for freedom until the end of my days.
~ Nelson Mandela's autobiography Long Walk to Freedom 
Mandela dies at 95
Mandela obituary on Reuters.com
Mandela congratulates Obama
Recommended online references
photo: "His Dream - Our Dream"
- statue of Dr. King in Fountain Park, St. Louis, Missouri
The King Institute includes audio and video of Dr. King's speeches
Tavis Smiley's Striving for the Dream
From Time Magazine: "I have seen the promised land"
The Seattle Times: Dr. King and the civil rights movement
Bob Herbert's column:
To Those Who Paved The Way...I Wish You Were Here
The Los Angeles Times: Historic site's keeper is living tribute to Martin Luther King Jr.
The Washington Post: MLK Memorial's "drum major" quote will be corrected
American Civil Rights
Wikipedia has a good overview. For a history of the civil rights movement in the USA from 1896-1954, click here.
For civil rights history since 1954, click here.
February 4, 1913 - October 25, 2005
Rosa Parks: an appreciation by Rev. Jesse Jackson
Smithsonian Folkways Recordings
Historic recordings on the Smithsonian Folkways label:
"Sing For Freedom: The Story of the Civil Rights Movement Through Its Songs", a 70-minute CD of field recordings from
Montgomery, Birmingham, Albany GA, Atlanta, Greenwood MS, and Nashville during the early 1960s; and "Voices of the Civil Rights Movement: Black American Freedom Songs 1960-1966",
a double CD including songs recorded at mass meetings and many recordings of the SNCC (Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee) Freedom Singers and other ensembles.
The booklet, written by Bernice Johnson Reagon
(SNCC Freedom Singers, Sweet Honey In The Rock) includes photographs and a history of the Civil Rights movement.
The King Center
July 2, 1925 - June 12, 1963
Fannie Lou Hamer
October 6, 1917 - March 14, 1977
Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
Pops Staples & the Staple Singers
Sweet Honey In The Rock
Steve Biko, South African martyr
December 18, 1946 - September 12, 1977
photo: "I have a dream..."
(another view in Fountain Park)
The teenagers and college students who left their homes to march in the streets of Birmingham and Montgomery; the mothers who walked instead of taking the bus after a long day of doing somebody else's laundry and cleaning somebody else's kitchen - they didn't brave fire hoses and Billy clubs so that their grandchildren and their great-grandchildren would still wonder at the beginning of the 21st century whether their vote would be counted; whether their civil rights would be protected by their government; whether justice would be equal and opportunity would be theirs ... We have more work to do.
~ Senator Barack Obama, Speech at Howard University, September 28, 2007