Nelson Mandela, South African leader
July 18, 1918 - December 5, 2013
I stand here before you not as a prophet but as a humble servant of you, the people. Your tireless and heroic sacrifices have made it possible for me to be here today. I therefore place the remaining years of my life in your hands... Our march to freedom is irreversible. We must not allow fear to stand in our way.
~ Nelson Mandela, speech on the day of his release from prison, Cape Town, Feb. 11, 1990
Mandela dies at 95
Mandela obituary on Reuters.com
Recommended online references
photo: "His Dream - Our Dream"
- statue of Dr. King in Fountain Park, St. Louis, Missouri
The King Institute includes audio and video of Dr. King's speeches
Tavis Smiley's Striving for the Dream
From Time Magazine: "I have seen the promised land"
The Seattle Times: Dr. King and the civil rights movement
Bob Herbert's column:
To Those Who Paved The Way...I Wish You Were Here
The Los Angeles Times: Historic site's keeper is living tribute to Martin Luther King Jr.
The Washington Post: MLK Memorial's "drum major" quote will be corrected
American Civil Rights
Wikipedia has a good overview. For a history of the civil rights movement in the USA from 1896-1954, click here.
For civil rights history since 1954, click here.
February 4, 1913 - October 25, 2005
Rosa Parks: an appreciation by Rev. Jesse Jackson
Smithsonian Folkways Recordings
Historic recordings on the Smithsonian Folkways label:
"Sing For Freedom: The Story of the Civil Rights Movement Through Its Songs", a 70-minute CD of field recordings from
Montgomery, Birmingham, Albany GA, Atlanta, Greenwood MS, and Nashville during the early 1960s; and "Voices of the Civil Rights Movement: Black American Freedom Songs 1960-1966",
a double CD including songs recorded at mass meetings and many recordings of the SNCC (Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee) Freedom Singers and other ensembles.
The booklet, written by Bernice Johnson Reagon
(SNCC Freedom Singers, Sweet Honey In The Rock) includes photographs and a history of the Civil Rights movement.
The King Center
July 2, 1925 - June 12, 1963
Fannie Lou Hamer
October 6, 1917 - March 14, 1977
Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
Pops Staples & the Staple Singers
Sweet Honey In The Rock
Steve Biko, South African martyr
December 18, 1946 - September 12, 1977
photo: "I have a dream..."
(another view in Fountain Park)
If a man is called to be a streetsweeper, he should sweep streets even as Michelangelo painted, or Beethoven composed music, or Shakespeare wrote poetry. He should sweep streets so well that all the host of heaven and earth will pause to say, here lived a great streetsweeper who did his job well.
~ Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.