Nelson Mandela, South African leader
July 18, 1918 - December 5, 2013
Out of the experience of an extraordinary human disaster that lasted too long, must be born a society of which all humanity will be pro... The time for the healing of the wounds has come. The moment to bridge the chasms that divide us has come. The time to build is upon us.
~ Nelson Mandela, Inauguration celebration speech, May 10, 1994
Mandela dies at 95
Mandela obituary on Reuters.com
Mandela congratulates Obama
Recommended online references
photo: "His Dream - Our Dream"
- statue of Dr. King in Fountain Park, St. Louis, Missouri
The King Institute includes audio and video of Dr. King's speeches
Tavis Smiley's Striving for the Dream
From Time Magazine: "I have seen the promised land"
The Seattle Times: Dr. King and the civil rights movement
Bob Herbert's column:
To Those Who Paved The Way...I Wish You Were Here
The Los Angeles Times: Historic site's keeper is living tribute to Martin Luther King Jr.
The Washington Post: MLK Memorial's "drum major" quote will be corrected
American Civil Rights
Wikipedia has a good overview. For a history of the civil rights movement in the USA from 1896-1954, click here.
For civil rights history since 1954, click here.
February 4, 1913 - October 25, 2005
Rosa Parks: an appreciation by Rev. Jesse Jackson
Smithsonian Folkways Recordings
Historic recordings on the Smithsonian Folkways label:
"Sing For Freedom: The Story of the Civil Rights Movement Through Its Songs", a 70-minute CD of field recordings from
Montgomery, Birmingham, Albany GA, Atlanta, Greenwood MS, and Nashville during the early 1960s; and "Voices of the Civil Rights Movement: Black American Freedom Songs 1960-1966",
a double CD including songs recorded at mass meetings and many recordings of the SNCC (Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee) Freedom Singers and other ensembles.
The booklet, written by Bernice Johnson Reagon
(SNCC Freedom Singers, Sweet Honey In The Rock) includes photographs and a history of the Civil Rights movement.
The King Center
July 2, 1925 - June 12, 1963
Fannie Lou Hamer
October 6, 1917 - March 14, 1977
Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
Pops Staples & the Staple Singers
Sweet Honey In The Rock
Steve Biko, South African martyr
December 18, 1946 - September 12, 1977
photo: "I have a dream..."
(another view in Fountain Park)
Well, I don't know what will happen now. We've got some difficult days ahead. But it doesn't matter with me now. Because I've been to the mountaintop... I just want to do God's will. And He's allowed me to go up to the mountain. And I've looked over. And I've seen the promised land. I may not get there with you. But I want you to know tonight, that we, as a people will get to the promised land. And I'm happy, tonight. I'm not worried about anything. I'm not fearing any man. Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord.
~ Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (speech on the night before his assassination)